liquid chlorine exporterLords Chloro Alkali Limited
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Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited
Lords Chloro Alkalies Limited

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Lords Chloro Alkali Limited
Lords Chloro Alkali Limited
Home » Liquid Chlorine

Liquid Chlorine

liquid chlorine manufacturers
Chlorine is one of the most abundant elements on this earth, and is a constituent of common salt, i.e., sodium chloride. It is a very reactive oxidizing and bleaching agent and has a wide range of applications.


Manufacture of
Bleaching of pulp, cotton textiles etc. Distinfection and water treatment

Physical Properties
Colour Gas-Greenish Yellow Liquid-clear Amber
Odour Characteristic, suffocating
Boiling (liquefying) point -34°C (1 atm)
Freezing (melting) point -101°C (1 atm)
Density - liquid - dry gas 1.468 gms/cc at 0°C and 3.617 atm 3.209 g/L (0°C, 1 atm)
Vapour Pressure 3.617 atm (at 0°C)
Latent heat of vaporisation 68.7 cal/gm at -34°C
Liquid - Gas volume relationship One volume of liquid chlorine weighs as much as 457.6 volumes of gas at 0°C and 1 atm
Solubility in water Slightly soluble

Chemical Properties
I - Flammability
Neither liquid nor gaseous chlorine is explosive or flammable.

II - Reactivity
1. A mixture of chlorine and hydrogen containing more than 5% of either component, forms an explosive substance.
2. It reacts with ammonia, alkalies and hydroxides of alkaline earth metals.
3. It reacts with organic compounds to form chlorinated derivatives and hydrogen chloride. Some of these reactions, particularly those with hydrocarbons, alcohols and ethers may become explosive.
4. Dry Chlorine reacts with several materials.

Packing and Labelling
Packing, labelling & storage of Chlorine are governed by the Gas Cylinder Rules framed under the Explosives Act of the Government of India.

Chlorine is generally stored and sold in special grade steel containers which are painted "golden yellow" as per IS:4379-1967

Chlorine cylinders should be stored in upright position and secured against falling over. Tonne containers should be stored on their sides and should not be stacked.

The valves on cylinders and tonne containers should be protected a stout metal cap securely attached to the cylinder body.

The storage area should be separate. It should be dry, well-ventilated, clean and protected from external heal sources such as steam pipes etc.

Cylinders and tonne containers should not be permitted to drop and no object should be allowed to strike them with force.

A flexible copper tubing connection between the container and the piping should be used to draw gas from the container. A barometric leg should be installed before the entry of gas into the reactor.

Fire Hazards
There is no fire hazard, unless Chlorine comes in contact with Hydrogen, powdered metals, phosphorous and certain organic compounds like hydrocarbons, turpentine, ether etc.

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